/How much do you know about the development history of small lifts?
The need for vertical transport is as old as human civilization, and the earliest lifts used manpower, animal power and water to increase weight.Lifting devices have relied on these basic power methods until the Industrial Revolution.
In ancient Greece, Archimedes developed an improved lifting device operated with ropes and pulleys that wrapped the hoisting rope around the bobbin with a winch and lever.
In 80 AD, gladiators and wild animals took the original lifts to the heights of the arena in the Coliseum.
The records of the Middle Ages included countless people who lifted the lifting device and patterns that were supplied to isolated locations.
The most famous of these is the lift at the Monastery of St. Baram in Greece. The monastery is located on a hilltop about 61 meters above the ground. The hoist uses baskets or cargo nets to transport people and goods up and down.
In 1203, the lift of a monastery on the French coast was installed using a huge wheel, which was powered by the donkey. By winding the rope
around a huge column, the load was lifted.
In the 18th century, mechanical forces began to be used in the development of elevators. In 1743, Louis XV of France authorized the
installation of counterweight lifts in the private palaces of Versailles.
In 1833, a system using a reciprocating rod lifted miners in the Harz Mountains region of Germany.
In 1835, a belt-wound lift called the “winding machine” was installed in a factory in the United Kingdom.
In 1846, the first industrial water pressure lift appeared. Then other power lifting devices followed soon.
In 1854, American craftsman Otis invented a ratchet mechanism that showed safety lifts at the New York trade show.
In 1889, when the Eiffel Tower was built, steam-powered elevators were installed and the elevators were replaced.
In 1892, the lifting equipment of the Astiello Mountains in Chile was completed. Until now, 15 elevators still used mechanical equipment more than 110 years ago.
The Gotthard Tunnel, which is being built in the canton of Graubünden, Switzerland, is an underground railway tunnel from the Alpine ski resort to other European countries. It is 57 kilometers long and is expected to be opened to traffic in 2016. At the “Alps” high-speed train station about 800 meters above the ground, a lift will be built directly to the ground. When completed, it will be the world’s longest lift.
Once the passengers arrive at the ground via the lift, they can take the Alpine Glacier Sightseeing Express train and arrive at the resort on the mountain in two hours.